Ramsey Island is currently owned and run as a bird reserve by the RSPB. They bought the island as there are 37 confirmed species of bird breeding on Ramsey (2015). This count includes a large number of visiting seabirds as well as a number of nationally rare species such as the chough and peregrine. Its importance in conservation terms does not stop there.
Ramsey is an SPA – Special Protection Area and the surrounding waters and inter tidal zone are covered by the Pembrokeshire Marine SAC (Special Area of Conservation). The island is also a SSSI (Site of Special Scientific Interest). In addition to the birds some of it features include some internationally rare plants as well as marine mammals, fossils and even a nationally rare spider!